Panosteitis In Dogs
It is an inflammatory condition affecting young dogs of larger breeds. The long bones are mainly affected, but one or more bones may be involved simultaneously. The inflammation begins without any apparent reason and continues for the period of time the dog is undergoing bone development. It gets resolved by the end of this period without any treatment. It is not known exactly why this disorder occurs, but it may have a genetic factor in the case of German Shepherds. Other possible causes include infections, stress, metabolic abnormalities and autoimmune disorders.
Young dogs in the age group of 6-16 months are the ones that get affected by Panosteitis. Fever and lameness are the usual symptoms. The condition is painful, and the dogs may look listless and lose interest in eating and playing. The symptoms appear intermittently.
Panosteitis is treated with painkillers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication. The veterinarian may prescribe corticosteroids in some cases. The high calorie, high-protein diets, usually given to large breeds of dogs to encourage their rapid development is thought to instigate this condition; hence the vet may advise you to avoid them.
Osteomyelitis In Dogs
It is an inflammatory disease of the bone, usually caused by bacterial infections. Trauma resulting in inflammation and injury to the bone and the widespread infections in the blood (sepsis) are usual reasons for the development of osteomyelitis. It can also result from fungal infections and because the blood supply reaching the bone is insufficient.
Pain in the affected limb and lameness are the usual symptoms. The wound may not heal and pus may continue to ooze out from the sores developing there. The dog may lose appetite and become depressed. Intermittent fever is another sign.
X-rays help diagnose the disease. Culturing the secretion from the wound can help identify the causative organism and determine suitable antibiotic to treat the infection. Antibiotic therapy may have to be continues for an extended period of time to be effective against osteomyelitis. That is because the amount of the drug reaching the site of infection is highly reduced due to the insufficiency of blood supply to the area. The wound is periodically flushed with antiseptics and dead tissue is surgically removed. The wound is allowed to drain, and if loose implants are present, they are removed too.
If the infection cannot be controlled through medication, bone grafting may be done after removing the affected part of the bone and the surrounding tissues. The longer the infection has been present, the harder it is to treat it. In severe osteomyelitis the only option may be to amputate the limb.