Glanders is not a very common disease in dogs, but they are susceptible to it. This disease, caused by a bacterium called Burkholderia mallei, is fatal in horses. It is highly contagious, and it can spread to humans and cats too, besides dogs. Fatal outcome in humans make it necessary to eliminate any animal contracting this disease.
Ulcerating nodules may be the most obvious symptom of this disease. They occur in skin, upper respiratory tract, and the lungs. Detecting the disease early is important in preventing its spread to humans and other animals. All infected animals have to be euthanized. Rigorous measures should be undertaken to quarantine and disinfect all the objects, as well as the living quarters, that have come in contact with animals that had developed the infection.