Doberman Pinschers with their sleek body, and well-defined demeanor, are easily recognized because of their popularity across the world. Although they were once used mainly as guard dogs and in the police force, today they are preferred as family dogs and companion dogs. Loyal and steadfast to their family, and extremely protective of it, these constantly alert dogs are an asset, as long as their owners have the time and commitment to keep them happy with plenty of activity.
Doberman Pinscher dog breed has an interesting history surrounding the man credited with developing this breed. A German tax collector by the name Karl Friedrich Louis Doberman needed a guard dog and a companion as he went on foot to collect taxes from people. He deliberately bred a dog for certain characteristics that made it a formidable companion and a loyal friend on his door- to-door campaigns.
The likely candidates for the original breeding might have been German Pinscher and German Shepherd. Weimaraner, Greyhound and Black & Tan Manchester Terrier would have been involved later on. The resultant dog breed which was ready by 1890 is known by its developer even today.
The original Doberman Pinschers had a more rounded head, and was more aggressive, finding their way into police forces in several countries in Europe by 1900. It reached the United States within a few years, and became popular here as well. It was the official war dog of the U.S. Marine Corps in the Second World War. Even though the breed went to the brink of extinction after the war, it was saved by a person named Werner Jung who smuggled some dogs out of East Germany. Almost all Dobermans of today trace their lineage to Jung’s dogs.
The Doberman Pincher dog breed of today is a toned down version of the original breed to meet the popular demand for house dogs and companion dogs. It consistently ranks high in the AKC registration lists.
Doberman Pinscher dog breed is medium to large in size with a compact and athletic body. They measure up to 28 inches at the withers and weigh less than a hundred pounds. The European dogs may be slightly larger. The body is square-shaped, the length of the body matching the dog’s height at the withers.
They have a short coat that tightly binds the body to give a sleek appearance. The color of the coat is typically black, with tan highlights on the face, limbs and underside. The ears are naturally folded, but early cropping makes them stand upright. The tail is thin and long, but it is often docked soon after birth.
The Doberman Pinscher dog breed is known for its high intelligence and excellent trainability. Highly protective about the family and the house, they make excellent guard dogs. They are extremely loyal to the owner and the family, but reserved with strangers. These dogs always remain alert to the surroundings and react aggressively to any suspicious stranger. These are some of the traits that make Doberman Pinschers one of the most sought after breed in America and elsewhere.
Grooming and exercise
Doberman Pinschers are easy to groom as their coat is very short. Occasional brushing with a soft brush will help remove loose hair.
These dogs have a tremendous store of energy that has to be expended by vigorous activity and exercises in the yard, in addition to brisk walks and jogging on the leash with the owner. Those who own a Doberman Pincher Dog should take special effort to keep this dog physically and mentally stimulated. A bored Doberman Pinscher becomes very destructive and unmanageable.
These tough dogs can live outdoors round the year as long it has sufficient protection from extremes of temperatures. However, those kept as family dogs should ideally spend the night indoors with the family.
Common health issues of Doberman Pinscher dog breed
Doberman Pinscher dog breed is prone to a number of major and minor health issues. Several types of eye disorders, including progressive retinal atrophy, cardiac problems, and the canine hip dysplasia occur in these dogs. They are one of the breeds commonly affected by the inherited bleeding disorder known as Willebrand’s disease (vWD). Dogs with this genetic condition need immediate medical attention in case of spontaneous bleeding and physical injuries. Gastric torsion is another potentially life-threatening condition requiring immediate medical intervention.
Minor problems affecting this breed include a parasitic infestation called red mange, hypothyroidism, and necrolepsy. These dogs have a life expectancy of 11-12 years.