The Boston Terrier dog breed has enjoyed popularity from the beginning of its creation. This truly American breed has a proud bearing and personality that is disproportionate to its small size. They were once used for fighting in the pits, but these dogs, as we know them today, are gentle and affectionate, good with children and the elderly and comfortable living in small spaces. All these make them an ideal family pet in a wide variety of households.
There is no mystery regarding the origins of the Boston Terrier dog breed. As the name implies, the breed originated in Boston towards the end of the 19th century. The history of this breed is well supported with correct documentation.
Boston had rich families who had fine breeds of dogs, but they were interested in improving their characteristics. This led to crossbreeding among the various breeds. “Hooper’s Judge” was one such dog resulting from Bulldog-English Terrier parentage. Weighing over 30 pounds, this dog was crossed with a smaller female dog, and the resultant smaller-sized dog was again crossed with a still smaller female. Their puppies were in turn crossed with French Bulldogs to form the Boston Terrier dog breed we know today.
The dog was originally called the American Bull Terrie, and became highly favored in Boston by 1890. AKC officially recognized the breed in 1893, but the name had been changed to Boston Terrier.
Boston Terriers were originally bred with the intention of making a compact dog. They have a boxy appearance with a broad chest, naturally short tail, and a rounded muzzle that has earned them the nickname “roundheads.” The ears stand erect. The height at withers is between 15 to 17 inches. The dogs fall into three different classes according to their weight, but the maximum weight limit is 25 pounds.
The coat colors are mainly black and white, but seal, liver and brown are also seen in combination with white. A dog with standard black and white in a symmetrical pattern gives it a formal tuxedo-look that has earned the breed the name “American Gentleman.”
The dogs of this breed are friendly and pleasant, and go to great lengths to please and protect their family. In spite of their name, they are not true terriers; they are generally quiet, and bark rarely. They are considered great pets for those who live in apartments. They are good with children too. However, aggressive behavior may be displayed when their territory is breached by strangers and other animals. They have to be socialized early to get along well with other pets.
Boston Terriers are known for their sensitivity towards the family members and their ability to understand their moods and feelings instinctively. This makes them ideal companion dogs, and an understanding friend to have by your side at all times. The dogs too thrive in human company, and love constant interaction with their owners. They are known to be stubborn at times though, but patient handling makes them a great pet to have around.
Grooming and exercise
These dogs are easy to groom, and requires nothing more than an occasional light brushing of their smooth coat.
Boston Terriers are active dogs requiring their daily quota of exercise, but their workouts need not have a strict regimen. Daily walks with the owner, and some games in the field, would be sufficient to keep the dog in top form. Since they love games involving retrieval and chasing, it is easy to exercise them without much exertion on the part of the owner.
Boston Terriers love the outdoors, but that doesn’t mean they are suitable for living outdoors. They are sensitive to both cold and heat and are better off living inside the home with their human family. Temperamentally too, this breed requires human company to be happy.
Common health issues of Boston Terrier dog breed
The Boston Terrier dog breed generally keeps excellent health with very few health issues. There are no major breed-related disorders, but they may be affected by common canine musculoskeletal problems such as patellar luxation and hip dysplasia. They are occasionally troubled by allergies and eye problems too. However, with regular exercise and good nutrition, these dogs live practically trouble-free for 12-14 years.