Platelets are miniscule particles that resemble cells and are manufactured in the bone marrow. They are responsible for triggering blood clotting in the body. They achieve this by congregating at the bleeding site and plugging the cut to stop the flow of blood. They also produce chemicals that aid in the completion of the clotting process.
Disorders that affect the platelets come about as a result of either excessive or low numbers of platelets, or even from weakened platelet function. A significant reduction in the number of platelets usually results in a corresponding rise in the risk of bleeding. This condition may be brought about by drugs, poisons, auto-antibodies and bone marrow disorders.
An irregular rise in platelet count is not common, and the cause is often unknown. It could be because of iron deficiency, bone marrow disease, or long-term blood loss.
There are instances where the platelets don’t perform their duties as required, as in the case of Von Willebrand disease. Other genetic abnormalities affecting platelet health are quite rare. Aspirin tends to be the most common cause of defects in platelet effectiveness. Dogs are not to be given aspirin, unless prescribed by the veterinarian.