Excitement urination is the discharge of a little amount of urine whenever a dog is doing well and active, but not when it’s frightened.
Incomplete house training is regular elimination in places where the dog isn’t supposed to, without attributing the cause to a lack of access or ill health. By the time a dog reaches 8 or 9 weeks of age, it has already developed a routine of eliminating in particular places. For this reason, it is important to housetrain the dog early.
Marking behaviour is when a dog urinates or defecates in a particular area in order to send a social signal. Male dogs usually raise their leg in order to urinate on fences, trees, or other objects. This is done in an attempt to declare the area their territory or just to let other dogs know that they’ve been around there lately.
Submissive urination is displayed by a dog that has been housetrained, yet it urinates whenever it shows postures linked to submission, such as lowering of the head and pulling the ears back. During this situation, the dog does not demonstrate any signs of fright or hostility.
House training involves two primary aspects:
- Fostering an inclination for a particular surface (grass or sand), or place.
- Fostering an inhibition of urination or defecation until the animal reaches the designated location.
The earliest age at which a dog can willingly restrain urination or defecation is at 8 ½ weeks of age. Suitably housetraining a dog requires exposing it to the designated elimination area at 8 ½ weeks old, without using physical violence. Instead, there should be emphasis on encouragement, combined with regular trips to the designated location. In the event that an accident occurs, there should be quick and total cleaning of the mess. The dog should only be interrupted when it is found eliminating in a wrong place. It is not productive to punish a dog in such a situation, especially those suffering from submissive urination. They are already uneasy and tentative, and any reprimand will only engender the bad behaviour.
A quick way to housetrain dogs is to take them outside 15 to 30 minutes after eating, directly after play, or immediately after they are awake. For an elderly dog, housetraining is more about minor improvements in the dog’s behaviour and encouraging it to opt for a more fitting location. For young puppies of smaller breeds, use of litter boxes is recommended. Having an older dog around may positively influence the puppy during housetraining, as it can follow the lead of the older dog. It is important to note that the puppies bought from pet stores are typically much more complicated to housetrain than those obtained from other sources. This is because in a pet store, puppies are locked up in cages all the time hence they do not have to hold back elimination. It is also probable that they may have learned to play with or eat faeces.