When a nervous system disorder is identified, and confirmed by further testing, different treatment options are considered. Anticonvulsants are a group of drugs used in the treatment of epileptic seizures. There are many other treatment options and drugs for specific uses.
Inflammations, either resulting from injuries or due to other damage to the tissue, can be relieved by either non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroids. In case of spinal cord injury, the drugs are administered intravenously, but oral administration of the drugs may be sufficient in other cases.
Anti-spasmodic medication may be necessary for treating muscle spasms resulting from nervous system disorders. Antibiotics are used when bacterial infections are identified.
Since many nervous system disorders require surgical intervention, such as for removing brain tumors or for repairing tissue damage due to injuries, corticosteroids or Mannitol is given by intravenous administration to relieve post-surgical inflammation in the brain. It prevents excessive fluid accumulation in the brain and associated complications.
Many nervous system disorders may result in partial or complete paralysis. Dogs which have become quadriplegic or paraplegic have to be provided with special nursing care. They should be made to lie on a padded surface and turned around frequently to prevent bedsores.
Special attention should be given to grooming the dog. Its coat should be kept clean and dry. If it gets soiled by the dog’s excretory material, it should be cleaned up immediately.
Urine tests should be repeated once a month or once every 2 weeks to identify urinary infection, if any. Feeding is done by hand. It is essential to keep the dog hydrated too. The paralyzed limbs should be exercised and massaged to keep them supple and strong. Loss of muscle mass, a typical symptom of nervous system disorders can be delayed by regular physiotherapy.